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What is the relationship between allergic rhinitis and otitis media with effusion (OME)?

Otitis media is an inflammation that occurs in the middle ear. The middle ear contains fluid that can be easily infected, and the infected middle ear is called otitis media with effusion. The cause of chronic otitis media with effusion in most patients with allergic rhinitis is mainly due to IgE-mediated allergies. IgE-mediated allergy is the allergy that occurs when the antibody binds IgE (a type of white blood cell) to the mast cell. The IgE antibody is produced by plasma cells when foreign bodies enter the bloodstream from outside the body through the nasal mucosa. Once the IgE antibody is bound to the mast cell around the nose, histamine is excreted from that cell and it is the main chemical that causes itching and hypersensitivity in the nose.

According to a group of scientists, 50% of children with chronic OMR also had a nose allergy. The effects of seasonal allergic rhinitis on the function of the Eustachian tube and middle ear pressure have been investigated by some medical research groups. According to one of the studies, the Eustachian probe rises from 15% to 60% in patients who are allergic to pollen from the beginning with maximum pollen exposure. In one of the studies, ragweed pollen, which is seasonal pollen, was exposed to a group of people. It has been found that there are immune reactions in the Eustachian tube and nose. Aside from this study, the other study reported that the mite, which was a perennial allergen, also caused blockage in the Eustachian tube. In the same study, they found that 55% of adults with a nasal allergy experienced the development of Eustachian tube dysfunction when this group of adults was exposed to mites. In the next study, it was newly discovered that obstruction of the Eustachian tube was more common in patients with allergic rhinitis.

In allergic stress studies, the scientist discovered that nasal congestion usually occurs before the development of Eustachian tube obstruction. In an allergen challenge study, people who participated in the study were exposed to an allergen to produce their symptom of a nasal allergy. In this study, the researchers also discovered that various inflammatory mediators such as histamine were detected in the middle ear effusions of children with OME. If the obstruction of the Eustachian tube caused by long-term exposure to allergens such as mites is not treated for a longer period of time, it can lead to a middle ear disease, especially if the phenomenon of priming occurs in the Eustachian tube. The priming phenomenon occurs when the organ's mucous membrane reacts to lower allergy doses after repeated exposure. Allergic rhinitis can also have a priming phenomenon if the mucous membrane in the nasal passage responds to a small amount of allergen inhaled through the nostril. With an obstruction of the Eustachian tube caused by seasonal exposure to allergens such as ragweed pollen, the physiological overreactivity can extend beyond the ragweed season.

Studies show that half of the newly developed ear infections are diagnosed with a viral URTI (virus that causes flu and colds) immediately after the patient is infected. Using traditional standard culture techniques, it is quite rare for viruses to be isolated from effusions in the middle ear in patients with otitis media. With the new PCR-based molecular analysis, however, viruses were detected in the middle ear effusions and it was found that 53% of the middle ear effusions were positive for the viruses. An experimental trial was conducted at Pittsburgh Children's Hospital in which real people were infected with rhinovirus-39 to examine the effect of this virus on middle ear and fallopian tube pressure. Eustache. The result of this experiment showed a significant increase in Eustachian tube dysfunction and also in the abnormal middle ear in approximately 30% of those infected in this study. However, all of these people who were infected with this virus were less likely to develop otitis media. In another study in which a group of people were vaccinated with the influenza A virus intranasally, 59% of those vaccinated experienced development of the middle ear under pressure, and only 25% of these people developed otitis media. In this study, one of the vaccinated subjects developed a pressurized middle ear, followed by purulent otitis media. This effusion from the patient's middle ear was taken for the PCR analysis and showed a positive result for Influenza A and Streptococcus Pneumoniae. Streptococcus Pneumoniae is a type of gram-positive alpha-hemolytic spherical bacteria and belongs to the genus Streptococcus. In this group of vaccinated subjects, 80% of those infected with this virus developed Eustachian tube dysfunction and 80% of them had a middle ear under pressure. In this group of infected, five had developed an OME on the 4th day after virus exposure. Symptoms of dizziness and dizziness occurred in one of the patients, mainly due to an inner ear dysfunction.

All of these studies support the causes of otitis media caused by the URTI virus and the causes of otitis media based on the development of Eustachian tube obstruction and abnormal pressure in the middle ear. In the recent publication on the study of a group of children with acute otitis media, the investigator of this study isolated microorganisms in the fluids of the middle ear of children. They found that 65% of the liquid samples collected contained both bacteria and viruses. These results show that a viral infection in the middle ear creates an environment that is conducive to the proliferation of bacteria.

Based on information gathered in some recent publications from studies on the relationship between allergic rhinitis and otitis media with effusion (EMO), we were able to conclude that allergic rhinitis or colds / flu lead to Eustachian fallopian tube blockage and middle ear pressure. If the situation gets out of control, a middle ear infection with effusion develops, which can lead to permanent hearing loss. Therefore, allergic rhinitis and cold / flu should be treated immediately. In fact, these common diseases can become serious and develop into chronic sinusitis and otitis media with effusions that are difficult to cure.

Cure seasonal allergies

Seasonal allergies affect people for certain months, usually due to exposure to certain airborne allergens such as pollen. An allergic reaction to pollen, which is often diagnosed as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, can irritate the membranes on the nose and eyelids. In fact, people with allergic rhinitis show symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, itchy eyes, nose, ears and throat, nasal drip and fatigue.

Wheezing can also occur and a chronic cough can develop. If the symptoms are too severe, asthma can occur. This can cause discomfort and even death, especially in infants and young children.

Seasonal allergies affect approximately 20% of Americans and are considered one of the most common diseases in Australia. They can affect you at any time of the year, depending on where you live. They develop because the body tries to increase its immunity to pollen, usually from trees such as maple, olive, juniper, birch and elm. Pollinating grass and weeds can also trigger allergic reactions. These are plants that rely on cross-pollination in the air. Plants pollinated with insects such as dandelions do not cause seasonal allergies.

Remedies for seasonal allergies

To cope with seasonal allergies, you need to study pollen activity in your area. You can do this by signing up for online sites where you can read for free every day. Avoid exposure to pollen when the pollen level is high.

The best remedy for allergies is to avoid seasonal allergens, although it can be a bit difficult outdoors. It can be controlled by turning on the air conditioner, closing the windows and using air filters.

If exposure to pollen cannot be avoided, wear protective equipment such as glasses, clothing that covers your arms and legs, and an air mask. Conjunctivitis can develop and seriously damage your eyes if it worsens from a condition called atopic keratoconnivitis, which can lead to blindness. Symptoms include burning eyes, itching, slimy discharge from the eyes, blurred vision, and excessive sensitivity to the sun. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Most doctors would do tests like blood and skin tests first to find out exactly what is causing the allergies. Allergens are injected into the skin, and if swelling or red spots appear, the patient is allergic to these substances.

In patients with seasonal allergies, daily work at school or in the office can be severely restricted. Medications and frequent visits to the doctor can have a negative impact on family finances, as most people opt for allergy shots that may have more lasting results than over-the-counter medications.

Allergic rhinitis is often treated with antihistamines, decongestants and nasal sprays. However, it's not fair to treat yourself because some medications can have serious side effects or contraindications to people taking medication for other diseases. It is best to consult your doctor before taking over-the-counter allergy medication.

Kw: seasonal allergies, remedies for seasonal allergies, allergic rhinitis

Word count: 517

Seasonal allergies affect people for certain months, usually due to exposure to certain airborne allergens such as pollen. An allergic reaction to pollen, which is often diagnosed as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, can irritate the membranes on the nose and eyelids. In fact, people with allergic rhinitis show symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, itchy eyes, nose, ears and throat, nasal drip and fatigue.

Wheezing can also occur and a chronic cough can develop. If the symptoms are too severe, asthma can occur. This can cause discomfort and even death, especially in infants and young children.

Seasonal allergies affect approximately 20% of Americans and are considered one of the most common diseases in Australia. They can affect you at any time of the year, depending on where you live. They develop because the body tries to increase its immunity to pollen, usually from trees such as maple, olive, juniper, birch and elm. Pollinating grass and weeds can also trigger allergic reactions. These are plants that rely on cross-pollination in the air. Plants pollinated with insects such as dandelions do not cause seasonal allergies.

Remedies for seasonal allergies

To cope with seasonal allergies, you need to study pollen activity in your area. You can do this by signing up for online sites where you can read for free every day. Avoid exposure to pollen when the pollen level is high.

The best remedy for allergies is to avoid seasonal allergens, although it can be a bit difficult outdoors. It can be controlled by turning on the air conditioner, closing the windows and using air filters.

If exposure to pollen cannot be avoided, wear protective equipment such as glasses, clothing that covers your arms and legs, and an air mask. Conjunctivitis can develop and seriously damage your eyes if it worsens from a condition called atopic keratoconnivitis, which can lead to blindness. Symptoms include burning eyes, itching, slimy discharge from the eyes, blurred vision, and excessive sensitivity to the sun. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Most doctors would do tests like blood and skin tests first to find out exactly what is causing the allergies. Allergens are injected into the skin, and if swelling or red spots appear, the patient is allergic to these substances.

In patients with seasonal allergies, daily work at school or in the office can be severely restricted. Medications and frequent visits to the doctor can have a negative impact on family finances, as most people opt for allergy shots that may have more lasting results than over-the-counter medications.

Allergic rhinitis is often treated with antihistamines, decongestants and nasal sprays. However, it's not fair to treat yourself because some medications can have serious side effects or contraindications to people taking medication for other diseases. It is best to consult your doctor before taking over-the-counter allergy medication.

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